Shri Krishna dasa Kaviraja Goswami was born in a Nadiya family of physicians at the village of Jhamatpur, within the district of Barddhaman, near Naihati. His father was Shri Bhagiratha, and his mother was Shri Sunanda. He had a younger brother named Shyama das. The Deity of Gaura-Nityananda installed by Shri Kaviraja Goswami is still being worshiped there. It appears that his family line is no more. More information about the early life of Shri Kaviraja is available in a book called Ananda-ratnavali. In Chaitanya charitamrta, Adi-lila chapter five, Shri Kaviraja relates the cause of his leaving family life:
Lord Nityananda Prabhu had a servant named Shri Minaketana Ramadasa, who was a reservoir of love. At my house there was sankirtana day and night, and therefore he visited there, having been invited. Absorbed in emotional love, he sat in my courtyard, and all the Vaishnavas bowed down at his feet. In a joyful mood of love of God he sometimes climbed upon the shoulder of someone offering obeisances, and sometimes he struck others with his flute or mildly slapped them. When someone saw the eyes of Minaketana Ramadasa, tears would automatically flow from his own eyes, for a constant shower of tears flowed from the eyes of Minaketana Ramadasa. Sometimes there were eruptions of ecstacy like kadamba flowers on some parts of his body, and sometimes one limb would be stunned while another would be trembling. Whenever he shouted aloud the name Nityananda, the people around him were filed with great wonder and astonishment.
"One respectable brahmana named Shri Gunarnava Mishra was serving the Deity. When Minaketana was seated in the yard, this brahmana did not offer him respect. Seeing this, Shri Ramadasa became angry and spoke. "'Here I find the second Romaharshana suta, who did not stand to show honor when he saw Lord Balarama.' "After saying this, he danced and sang to his heart's content, but the brahmana did not become angry, for he was then serving Lord Krishna. At the end of the festival Minaketana Ramadasa went away, offering his blessings to everyone. At that time he had some controversy with my brother. My brother had firm faith in Lord Chaitanya but only a dim glimmer of faith in Lord Nityananda. Knowing this, Shri Ramadasa felt unhappy in his mind. I then rebuked my brother. "These two brothers,' I told him, 'are like one body; They are identical manifestations. If you do not believe in Lord Nityananda, you will fall down. If you have faith in one but disrespect the other, your logic is like the logic of accepting half a hen. It would be better to be an atheist by slighting both brothers than a hypocrite by believing in one and slighting the other."
"Thus Shri Ramadasa broke his flute in anger and went away, and at that time my brother fell down. "That night, because He was pleased with the chastisement that Krishnadasa gave his brother for offending His dear Devotee Mineketana Ramadasa, Lord Nityananda appeared in his dreams and declared: Are are krishnadasa, na karaha bhaya, vrndavana yaha, tanha sarva larya haya "O my dear Krishnadasa, do not be afraid. Go to Vrindavana, for there you will attain all things." [C.C. Adi 5.195] Thus receiving the mercy of Lord Nityananda in his dream, he started for Vrindavana with a joyful mind. The lotus feet of the spiritual master of Shri Kaviraja are none other than those of Lord Nityananda Himself. He accepted the Goswamis Shri Rupa, Shri Sanatana, Shri Jiva, Shri Raghunatha, Shri Raghunatha Bhatta and Shri Gopala Bhatta as his instructing spiritual masters. From Shri Lokanatha Goswami and Shri Raghunatha Bhatta Goswami he begged permission to write Shri Chaitanya charitamrta. Lokanatha directed Shri Kaviraja that he desired to be unmentioned in his book; that is why, in Shri Chaitanya charitamrta, hardly a reference about Lokanatha Goswami is to be found. Shri Krishnadasa Kaviraja Goswami compiled the following books still extant: Shri Govinda lilamrta, Krishna karnamrta commentary (Sarangaurangada [kangada?] tika) and of course, Shri Chaitanya charitamrta.
"The author of Shri Chaitanya-charitamrita, Shrila Krishnadasa Kaviraja Goswami, stands as the direct disciple of Shrila Rupa Goswami and Shrila Raghunatha dasa Goswami.The direct disciple of Shrila Krishnadasa Kaviraja Goswami was Shrila Narottama dasa Thakura, who accepted Shrila Vishvanatha Chakravarti as his servitor. Shrila Vishvanatha Chakravarti Thakura accepted Shrila Jagannatha dasa Babaji, the spiritual master of Shrila Bhaktivinoda Thakura, who in turn accepted Shrila Gaurakishora dasa Babaji, the spiritual master of Om Vishnupada Shrila Bhaktisiddhanta Saraswati Goswami Maharaja, the divine master of our humble self." (A.C. Bhaktivedanta Swami Prabhupada. Shri Chaitanya Charitamrita chapter 1. "The Spiritual Masters".)
Born:1496 (Christian) Diappearence: 12th day bright fortnight month of Ashwin.