Shri Sanatana, Shri Rupa and Shri Vallabha were three brothers, all employed in the service of the Badsha Hussain Shah. Amongst the three, there was only one descendent, Shri Jiva. Having been rewarded richly by the Badsha for their sevices, their household life was very opulent. There was nothing lacking in whatever was necessary for the upbringing of the only son. The house was illuminated by the effulgence of the child's golden complexion; his eyes were like the expanded petals of the lotus; every part of his body was graced with a lusterous, radiant splendor.
When Shri Gaurasundara came to Ramakeli, Shri Jiva was blessed by having darshana of His worshipable Lord, though he was just a baby at the time. Placing the dust of His lotus feet on the child's head, Mahaprabhu indicated him to be the future sovereign preceptor of the Gaudiya sampradaya. Though he was only a child, Shri Jiva kept the form of the Lord, which fascinates all the world, within his heart. As he grew up, while eating, lying down, in his dreams, while he was awake, at all times, he would meditate on that form.
Later on, when his father and uncles renounced their family life in order to be with Mahaprabhu, the only child, Shri Jiva, was left with his mother in the family palace at Fateyabad. Lying in her lap, which was wet with tears of separation, he gradually began to grow as the waxing moon. Seeing that the mother and the child's face were always wet with tears, their friends also fell under the shadow of sadness and only with great difficulty managed to assuage their grief. Whenever Shri Jiva would remember his father and uncles, or the lotus feet of Shri Gaura Hari, he would lose consiousness and fall to the ground.
As he got a little older, Shri Jiva took up the worship of the Deities of Shri-Shri Rama-Krishna. He would carefully decorate Them and offer bhoga and arati, serving Them with his full attention. Even in his play, whatever games he played were connected with Shri Krishna's pastimes.
While studying under the local panditas he became proficent in grammar, poetry and rhetoric. Noting his great intellect, his teachers commented, "Such brilliance is not often found in a child so young as this. No doubt he will be a very high-souled, saintly person."
Even while engaged in his studies Jiva always thought of Shri Shri Nitai-Gauranga. Once he saw in a dream that Shri Rama-Krishna had taken the forms of Nitai-Gauranga and were dancing. [B.R.1.732] Giving him the dust of Their lotus feet, the Two Lords then disappeared. Having seen such a wonderful dream, Shri Jiva was consoled somewhat. Then he began to think, "When will I be able to crawl out of this well of family life and devote my full time and energy, my very self, to serving these two most magnanimous Lords?" But he was the only son of the family. Only in his company could his mother forget somewhat the pangs of separation in her heart. When Shri Jiva learned that his father had given up his life on the banks of the Ganga, he was compeletely unsettled. After that his eyes were never dry. The family members and friends tried to console him but to little avail. Family life had become the source of his utter sadness.
Someone suggested to Jiva to go to Navadwipa and bathe himself in the coolness emanating from the lotus feet of Lord Nityananda Prabhu so that his mind and body, burning with grief, could be refreshed. Thus Shri Jiva set our for Navadwipa with a group of pilgrims. [B.R.1/741]
Nityananda Prabhu, the omniscient Lord, could understand that Shri Jiva was on his way to Navadwipa. Therefore He also left for there from Khardaha. After a few days, Jiva arrived at Navadwipa. Seeing the beauty of that place he was charmed. Falling down on the ground, he offered his dandavats to Mother Ganges. Inquiring from the villagers the directions to Mayapura, he learned that Nityananda Prabhu was residing at Shrivasa Pandita's house. At last arriving there, he fell down at the door to offer his dandavats. Nityananda Prabhu came out with Shrivasa Pandita and picked him up and embraced him, asking, "Are you the nephew of Shri Rupa and Shri Sanatana?"
As an answer, Jiva again fell down on the ground at the lotus feet of Nityananda Prabhu. This time Nityananda Prabhu brought him in the house and began to inquire after the welfare of his family at Fateyabad. Then Shri Jiva was introduced to the Devotees present in Navadwipa; he offered his salutations at their lotusfeet. Everyone was very happy to meet the nephew of Shri Rupa and Sanatana. That day Shri Jiva received the remnants of Nityananda Prabhu's Prasadam.
The next day, the two of them came to Sachi Mata'a house. Seeing the birthplace of Shri Gaurasundara, which was filled with such splendor, Shri Jiva was greatly pacified and fell down on the ground to roll in the dust. In the large courtyard the Devotees were singing songs praising the glories of Shri Krishna Chaitanya Mahaprabhu. Seeing Nityananda Prabhu, everyone stood up and then fell down, offering their dandavats at His lotus feet. Then Jiva saw Sachi Mata sitting on the veranda.
Dressed in white with silk chadder around her shoulders she looked radiant, the white of her hair blending with her white sari. Though her body trembled with old age and was very thin, still the courtyard was illuminated by her divine effulgence. Forgetting herself in rememberance of Shri Gaursundara, she was sitting with her eyes closed. Becoming aware that Nityananda Prabhu had arrived, she covered her head with her sari and called her servant. "Ishana! Shripada has arrived. Please wash His feet."
After this was done, Nityananda offered namaskar to the mother of the Supreme Lord and took His seat. He then introduced Shri Jiva to her. Sachi Mata placed her hand on his head to bless him, and Shri Jiva floated in the ocean of happiness. Sachi Mata then requested the two of them to honor the Lord's Prasada."Take Prasada here at your mother's house today, my child. I offered there preparations in secret to Shri Gaurachandra."
Shri Jiva spent some days with Nityananda Prabhu, touring the nine islands of Navadwipa, in order to have darshana of the holy places of the Lord's pastimes there. Then, as ordered by Nityananda Prabhu, he set out for Kashi (Varanasi) . At Kashi he studied Vedanta under Shri Madhusudana Vachaspati, a disciple of Sarvabhauma Bhattacharya. The conclusions of Vedanta contained in Shrimad-Bhagavatam that were expounded by Shri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu to Sarvabhauma Bhattacharya in Puri had been in turn taught by the Bhattacharya to Madhusudana Vachaspati, who established a toll at Kashi. From him, Shri Jiva mastered the same conclusions.
From here Shri Jiva set out for Shri Vrindavana where he received shelter at the lotus feet of his two uncles. Shri Rupa and Sanatana. They were very pleased to see him and received from him all the news. Jiva stayed with Shri Rupa, who began to teach him Shrimad Bhagavatam. After initiating him with the divine mantra, Rupa engaged him in the service of Shri Shri Radha-Damodara. According to Sadhana dipika, this Deity of Damodara was fashioned by Rupa Goswami's own hand for his dear disciple Shri Jiva. Shri Shri Radha-Damodara are presently being worshipped in Jaipur, Rajasthan.
Seeing that Jiva had quickly become conversant with the conclusion of the Shrimad Bhagavatam, Shri Rupa engaged him in proof-reading his Bhakti-rasamrta-sindhu. At this time Shri Jiva compiled a commentary on Bhakti-rasamrta-sindhu called Durgama sangamani. In the year 1476 (Sakabda) Shri Sanatana Goswami compiled Shri Vaishnava tosani, a commentary on the tenth canto of Shrimad-Bhagavatam, which he gave to Shri Jiva for proof reading. Under the order of Shri Sanatana, Shri Jiva compiled a commentary on that named Laghu Vaishnava tosani in the year 1500 (Sakabda). His writings, along with those of Shri Rupa and Shri Sanatana, Shri Gopal Bhatta, Shri Raghunatha Bhatta, Shri Raghunath das, Shri Krishna das, Shri Kashishvar Pandit, and Shri Madhu Pandit, completely captivated the learned men of that time. It was the beginning of a golden age at Shri Vraja dhama.
Shri Jiva regurlarly brought water for Shri Rupa and Sanatana's bath. He massaged their heads with oil, cleaned their ashram, worshiped the Deity, cooked and corrected manuscripts.
After the disappearance of Shri Rupa and Sanatana, Shri Jiva continued the tradition that they had inaugerated. Once Shri Jiva travelled to Agra to debate with the Rajputs concerning the glories of Jamuna and Ganga rivers. He established that the Jamuna is more glorious than the Ganga as the Ganga emanates from Krishna's lotus feet whereas the Jamuna is His own consort. At this the Moghul emperor was very much satisfied and wanted to present him something. Shri Jiva replied that he would accept some blank papers. So the emperor presented Jiva some stained paper. (At that time paper was very rare and most manuscripts were usually composed on leaves.)
There is also a legend that once, when a moghul emperor (possibly Akbar) wanted to confer something on the Goswamis of Vrindavana, they requested a farman (emperor's order) that no living beings would be killed within Vraja. As a result of this no king would come to hunt there anymore.
The disciple of Lokanatha Goswami, Narottama dasa Thakura Mahashaya, Shri Gopala Bhatta Goswami's disciple Shrinivasa Acharya Prabhu, and the disciple of Hridaya Chaitanya Prabhu, Shri Shyamananda Prabhu, were greatly favored by Shrila Jiva Goswami. Under his tutelage they studied all the literatures of the Goswamis. Later he sent them to preach this knowledge in Bengal.
Shrila Jiva Goswami composed many literatures, amongst them:
Sat-sandharbha (Tattva-sandarbha, Bhagavata-sandarbha, Paramatma sandarbha, krishna-sandarbha, Bhakti-sandharbha, Priti-sandarbha)
Laghu-vaisnava-tosani (Tenth Canto Bhagavatam commentary)
Sarva-sambadina (commentary on Sat-sandarbha)
Gayatri-vyakhya-vivrti (A commentary on the Gayatri mantra as described in the Agni Purana, chapters 216-217)
Birth: 1533 (Christian calendar), 1455 (Sakabdha), 12th day of the bright fortnight in the month of Bhadra.
Disappearance : 1540 (Sakabdha), 3rd day of bright fortnight, Pausa